christian theology Posts

Socratease: On the Existence of God

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The famous philosopher Socrates lived in Greece from about 470-400 B.C. Stories of his teaching are plentiful in students like Plato and Aristotle. Socratease is my fictional, modern-day version of a Socrates-like character using his same ironic, dialogic form of teaching and applying this method of teaching to today’s issues.

Ben is an acquaintance of Socratease who likes to think of himself as a thoughtful and deep person.

Ben: Socratease, I’m wrestling with whether I believe in a God or not.

Socratease: Who or what are you wrestling with? Are you wrestling with God, the existence of God or with the implications for your life if there is a God?

Ben: Hmm. Not sure I’ve thought about it like that. What’s the difference?

Socratease: Does your wrestling with the existence of God change the reality of whether there is a God or not? Doesn’t He either exist or not exist, no matter if you wrestle with it or believe it? It seems like your wrestling is futile, since it doesn’t change the reality one way or another.

Ben: Yes, that makes sense.

Socratease: How do you explain our existence?

Ben: I’ve always been taught about evolution. We came from a single cell life form that crawled out of the primordial ooze, and then we eventually evolved into human beings.

Socratease: If that’s what you were taught, then it must be true, of course. So the single cell life form came from the primordial ooze. That makes perfect sense. One question. Where did the primordial ooze come from?

Ben: I guess it evolved as well.

Socratease: Of course it evolved. From what?

Ben: Guess I never heard about where the ooze came from.

Socratease: That’s rather foundational, don’t you think?

Ben: Well, yes, I guess it is. I have been taught that the universe banged into existence from what they called infinite density.

Socratease: Yes, I’ve heard that too. What is infinite density exactly? I’ve known some people who are infinitely dense, but I doubt that’s what you’re talking about.

Ben: The way I’ve heard it described, the universe is expanding outward from a central point. If we could rewind the expansion of the universe, eventually it would all be condensed back into this infinitely dense mass.

Socratease: Infinitely dense mass. Could you explain that?

Ben: Well, I’ve heard that at some point all the universe was compacted even smaller than a microdot, not even visible to the human eye. Other scientists have said infinite density is a cloaked way of saying “nothing.” The universe banged into existence out of nothing.

Socratease: Very interesting. So if it banged into existence from something smaller than a microdot, where did the dot come from? If it banged into existence out of nothing, doesn’t that defy the natural science belief about cause and effect, that everything is an effect that comes from an equal or greater tangible source or cause? Isn’t something out of nothing supernatural?

Ben: Either way, something doesn’t match up, does it?

Socratease: So how do you explain the existence of the universe and everything in it now, Ben? Would the existence of a supernatural God be a plausible resolution to your logical dilemma?

Ben: I guess so. Maybe.

Socratease: Well that resonates with confidence. Why do you seem so hesitant, Ben?

Ben: It just seems like a big leap of faith to believe in a supernatural God.

Socratease: A big leap of faith, huh? But believing a single cell life form crawled out of some primordial ooze, that we can’t explain how it got here, as part of a planet called earth, that we can’t explain by natural means how it got here, isn’t a big leap of faith?

Ben: OK, sure. But there isn’t any proof for the existence of God.

Socratease: So you want proof. What kind and how much proof would you need, Ben? Again, is the issue that there isn’t enough evidence for the existence of God, or is it that you don’t want to believe in a God you would be subject to?

Ben: I want to say there’s not enough evidence. But down deep inside I also know it scares me that I would be subject to such a powerful, absolute authority like God.

Socratease: So how much have you searched for evidence for the existence of God?

Ben: Well, not at all, I guess. Why do you ask?

Socratease: From my experience, I rarely find what I haven’t even looked for. If you haven’t sincerely searched for evidence, why are you so surprised you haven’t found what you haven’t looked for? Which brings me to my original question: “Are you wrestling with God, the existence of God or with the implications for your life if there is a God?”

Prophecy: Jesus

Prophecy

We see prophetic glimpses of Jesus all the way back in Genesis 3:15, where God promised a singular man in the future who would deal a deathblow to Satan once and for all. Throughout the prophets of the Old Testament period we see pictures of a Messiah, the Promised One, of whom Isaiah makes these predictions:

For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; And the government will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, On the throne of David and over his kingdom, To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness From then on and forevermore. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will accomplish this. – Isaiah 9:6–7 (NASB)

Just over 2000 years ago, that child was born (Luke 2:11). This Messiah, the man Jesus, is a wise counselor and teacher, a King of an endless kingdom, the very God and eternal Father Himself.

The prophecies of Jesus do not stop there. More promises concerning Jesus are clear in the Scriptures. Mainly, He is coming again. But when and how will He come? What will He do?

Jesus made a promise to His disciples with these words:

Do not let your heart be troubled; believe in God, believe also in Me. In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you. If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself, that where I am, there you may be also. – John 14:1–3 (NASB)

As we study the rest of the New Testament, we see two “comings” of Jesus. One is when church saints, believers, go up to meet Him in the air (1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 and 2 Thessalonians 2:1). This is referred to as the rapture (“caught up”) of the church. Jesus is going to come and take His church to be with Him one day, both living and those who have died before this rapture.

But there is another “coming” of Jesus. He is coming to the earth and will establish Himself as that Prince of Peace who will build a kingdom here. We see this beginning and developing in Revelation 19:11-20:6.  As seen in this passage, Satan and his demons will be removed from the earth until the very end of the 1000 years. This will be a time to fulfill promises of a kingdom to Israel, including dead Old Testament saints who will rise to enjoy this kingdom under the perfect rule of Jesus, just as Isaiah predicted in Isaiah 9:3-7.

After this 1000-year period is complete, there is yet more that is predicted about Jesus. See these words of John as he describes the new heaven and earth that will be refashioned, indwelt only by those who had trusted in God and His promises, and particularly in the new Jerusalem that will come down out of heaven:

I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb (that’s Jesus) are its temple. And the city has no need of the sun or of the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God has illumined it, and its lamp is the Lamb (Jesus again). The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their glory into it. – Revelation 21:22–24 (NASB, parentheses added by author)

Jesus has come, and is presently the Lord of His church, as predicted.

But He is coming again to rapture His church, to establish and reign over an earthly kingdom for a thousand years, and to be the Light of the World.

Lord, come quickly!